Ranchi is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand. Ranchi was the centre of the Jharkhand movement for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, Western West Bengal and the present eastern Chhattisgarh. Jharkhand State was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving the Bihar divisions of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas.
Being the capital of a mineral rich state, Ranchi is proud to be the Head Quarters of multiple industrial and mining giants in India. It servers as the central office for Central Coalfields Limited(CCL), Heavy Engineering Corporation(HEC), Research and Development (R&D) of SAIL, MECON. CMPDI (Central Mine Planning and Design Institute) the design wing of Mahartna Company COAL INDIA LTD is located in Kanke road, Ranchi.
There many private sector & multinational companies in Ranchi like Schenck Process India Limited(a 100% subsidiary of schenck process Germany) Usha Martin, Abhijeet group, JSPL, Aditya Birla Group etc.